International Journal of Clinical Research. 2021; 5: (2) ; 10.12208/j.ijcr.20210019.
目的 调查后疫情时代”一流本科”院校男护生的职业认同感，并做出相关因素分析，促进男护生的职业态度变得更加积极。方法 采用便利抽样的方法，选取成都中医药大学符合纳入标准的105名男护生，采用自设问卷与国内多用于评价护理专业学生的职业认同感水平，由郝玉芳编制的护生职业认同问卷（Professional IdentityQuestionairefor Nurse Student，PIQNS）相结合的方式进行调查。结论 总平均分为（3.05±0.401）从六个维度分别可得（由高到低排列）社会比较与自我反思（3.53±0.373）分、护理临床了解度（3.46±0.341）分、相关因素说服（3.30±0.695）分、职业自我概念（3.12±0.683）分、选择护理专业的原因（2.52±0.906）分、护理教育的认识（2.30±0.610）分。其中社会比较与自我反思得分最高，护理教育的认识得分最低。男护生一般情况对职业认同影响，在高考志愿、家庭居住地方面职业认同得分比较，差异具有统计学意义（p＜0.05）；是否为独生子女、是否单亲家庭、父母亲文化程度方面职业认同得分比较，差异无统计学意义（p＞0.05），其中是否为独生子女在职业认同总体水平及各维度得分均无统计学意义（p＞0.05）。结果 成都中医药大学男护生的职业认同度处于中等水平，在护理教育的认识等方面的职业认同度有待提高。
Objective To investigate the professional identity of male nursing students in "first-class undergraduate" colleges in the post epidemic era, and analyze the related factors, so as to promote the professional attitude of male nursing students to become more positive. Methods:105 male nursing students in Chengdu University of traditional Chinese medicine were selected by convenience sampling method. The self-designed questionnaire was combined with the professional identity questionnaire for nursing students compiled by Hao Yufang, which is used to evaluate the professional identity level of nursing students in China. Conclusion : the total average score was (3.05±0.401) social comparison and self reflection (3.53±0.373), nursing clinical understanding (3.46±0.341), related factors persuasion (3.30±0.695), professional self-concept (3.12±0.683), the reason of choosing nursing specialty (2.52±0.906), nursing education awareness (2.30±0.610). The social comparison and self reflection score was the highest, and the cognition score of nursing education was the lowest. There was a significant difference in the scores of professional identity between male nursing students in college entrance examination and family residence (P<0.05); There was no significant difference in the scores of professional identity among the only child, single parent family and parents' educational level (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the scores of the overall level and each dimension of professional identity among the only child or not (P>0.05). Results: the professional identity of male nursing students in Chengdu University of traditional Chinese medicine was in the middle level, and the professional identity of nursing education needs to be improved.